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L. Malatesta, A. Raouzaiou, K. Karpouzis, S. Kollias
MPEG-4 facial expression synthesis
Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Special issue on Emerging Multimodal Interfaces, Volume 13, Number 1 / January, 2009, pp. 77-83.
ABSTRACT
The current work will describe an approach to synthesize expressions, including intermediate ones, via the tools provided in the MPEG-4 standard based on real measurements and on universally accepted assumptions of their meaning, taking into account results of WhisselĘs study. Additionally, MPEG-4 facial animation parameters are used in order to evaluate theoretical predictions for intermediate expressions of a given emotion episode, based on SchererĘs appraisal theory. MPEG-4 FAPs and action units are combined in modeling the effects of appraisal checks on facial expressions and temporal evolution issues of facial expressions are investigated. The results of the synthesizing process can then be applied to Embodied Conversational Agents (ECAs), rendering their interaction with humans, or other ECAs, more affective.
18 January , 2009
L. Malatesta, A. Raouzaiou, K. Karpouzis, S. Kollias, "MPEG-4 facial expression synthesis", Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Special issue on Emerging Multimodal Interfaces, Volume 13, Number 1 / January, 2009, pp. 77-83.
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